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G Pierce Wood Hospital | Photo © 2013 www.abandonedfl.com

G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital

Location Class:
Built: 1947 | Abandoned: 2014
Status: Abandoned
Photojournalist: David Bulit

Calstrom Field

The G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital is a former psychiatric hospital located on the grounds of the former Carlstrom military airfield. Carlstrom Field was established in 1917, just south of Arcadia after the United States entry into World War I. It served as an advanced school for pursuit pilots, offering a six-week course with a student capacity of 400. Following the end of World War I in November 1918, activities at Carlstrom were slowly phased out until its closure in 1926.

With the need for primary pilot training brought on by World War II, Carlstrom re-opened in March 1941 under the operation of Riddle Aeronautical Institute. The 53d Flying Training Detachment was activated under then Brigadier-General Junius Wallace Jones, who learned to fly at Carlstrom. A new facility was built adjacent to the remains of World War I-era facilities. Carlstrom Field had a very unusual layout, with a compact group of buildings located inside a circular road, with five hangars situated around the southern periphery of the road. No paved runway was ever built with the flying conducted from the 1-square-mile grass field. Following the end of World War II, Carlstrom Field was shut down.

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Major George Ola in a Stearman biplane trainer over Carlstrom Field, 1942

G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital

In 1947, it became the site of the G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital which included a new surgical building, chapel, and other facilities. The hospital was built as the South Florida Branch of the State Hospital. It was dedicated in honor of former Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives George Pierce Wood, an advocate for the mentally ill and the first person to suggest converting Dorr and Carlstrom Fields in state hospitals after World War II.

Wood was born on August 26, 1895, in Attapulgus, Georgia, and attended Emory College and the University of Florida. Following service in World War I, he entered businesses that included farming, stock raising, naval stores, and lumber. At one point, he was also the general manager of the St. Joe Paper Company at Port St. Joe and the general manager of the Apalachicola and Northern Railroad.

Wood was elected to the state legislature in 1928. During the 1931 session of 100 days, he aided in shaping much of the state’s financial policy. He was a member of the bloc that enacted the gasoline tax revenue distribution plan by which the state repaid counties for roads they constructed and turned over to the state. He later served in the 1935, 1937, and 1939 sessions. He died on July 8, 1945, in Tampa while undergoing a major surgery. At the time of his death, he was a resident of Arcadia.

Georgie Pierce Wood
George Pierce Wood. 1939.

Recorded Deaths at G. Pierce Wood

In later years though, mental health advocates claimed that the care at the hospital was substandard. In the mid-1990s, the U.S. Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division investigated G. Pierce Wood after reports of abuse, including beatings and rapes, and deaths of residents. In 1995, the U.S. Justice Department sent a letter to Governor Lawton Chiles outlining nine deaths at the facility.

One incident involved a man who the U.S. Justice Department said was frustrated about delays in his release. Although the maintenance building was locked, the man managed to find a ladder and climbed into an upstairs window at night. He used a table saw to cut off both of his hands. In 1993, another man, suffering from delusions and amnesia, ran away from the unfenced facility. One month later, his body was found leaning up against a tree one mile from the facility. Another man ran away and committed suicide in a nearby orange grove. A woman also ran away from the facility, traveled up to Pennsylvania, and was hit and killed by a car on the Pennsylvania Turnpike.

At least two patients who were supposed to be on soft food diets choked to death on solid food. One woman was found slumped over a geri-tray chair with her throat and chin on the tray-table top. She was supposed to be supervised but no one was there when she died. Another woman who was also supposed to be on suicide watch killed herself in August 1994 after an overnight worker never took over after a shift change. By the time her body was found, rigor mortis had set in. One man exhibiting suicidal thoughts was given full privileges to the facility three days before he killed himself.

Calstrom FL 1943 closeup
Carlstrom Field, 1943

Finally, one woman was given a deadly dose of psychotropic medication which was also the wrong medication prescribed to her. Other instances involved a man who died of hyperthermia after being left alone for a long period in hot bathwater and a 21-year-old man who died just a day after being admitted to the hospital with toxic levels of drugs in his system.

The letter also described the facility as overcrowded and understaffed with workers who were poorly trained and failed to protect patients from harm or death, and medical staff who failed to provide adequate treatment or to develop or follow treatment plans. Within six years of the report, the state decided to close the facility stating it was for financial reasons.


Three hundred patients left G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital, most of whom were transferred to other state-operated mental institutions and community treatment programs. Others weren’t so lucky and the state simply lost track of them, never learning of their whereabouts. That same year, the state increased funding for community mental health programs by about $30 million due to the large influx of patients, but that funding quickly ran out leaving many patients homeless.

Later Uses of the Property

The complex soon became the Desoto County Juvenile Correctional Facility and operated until 2011. The property remained unused until 2014 when it was sold to Power Auto Corporation with plans to construct a racing training facility but that project never materialized.

The facility sits empty except for a helicopter repair business. The only remembrance of Carlstrom Field today is a plaque on the administration building placed when it was refurbished by the State of Florida in 1992, and a tired B-17 weather vane on top of the building. Two of the World War II hangars still survive as well as the mess hall, bandshell, canteen, water and sewage plants, and two training buildings. The only remnants of Carlstrom Field from when it was in operation during World War I are concrete pads along Highway 31 upon which the wooden hangars once stood.

Carlstrom Field FL 6 Jan 1999
Satellite view of the Desoto County Juvenile Correctional Facility, formerly the G. Pierce Wood Memorial Hospital complex, 1999

Photo Gallery


David Bulit is a photographer, author, and historian from Miami, Florida. He has published a number of books on abandoned and forgotten locales throughout the United States and continues to advocate for preserving these historic landmarks. His work has been featured throughout the world in news outlets such as the Miami New Times, the Florida Times-Union, the Orlando Sentinel, NPR, Yahoo News, MSN, the Daily Mail, UK Sun, and many others. You can find more of his work at davidbulit.com as well as amazon.com/author/davidbulit.

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